What is Hair Transplant? FUE is a hair transplantation technique which is the most widely used in world.
Hair transplantation is a kind of ‘surgical technique’ that moves individual hair follicles from a part of the body called the ‘donor site‘ to bald areas.
FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) Technique
Follicular unit extraction (FUE), also known as follicular transfer (FT), is the more modern and popular hair transplant technique.
Before this operation the areas are applied with local anesthesia, taken follicles are transplanted one by one to the hairless area. There are advantages of this technique.
Hair units are taken one by one with their root (Every follicular unit consists of 1-2 hair and their roots) from the donor area with a special tool called a micromotor (with 0.5 mm sized needles). By using micromotors the physician can avoid using a surgical knife in the donor area, so no suture is required in this region and no visible scar is left on the points where the roots are taken.
Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) is a method of extracting, or “harvesting,” donor hair in a follicular unit hair transplant procedure. In FUE, an instrument is used to make a small, circular incision in the skin around a follicular unit, separating it from the surrounding tissue. The unit is then extracted (pulled) directly from the scalp, leaving a small open hole.
This process is repeated until the hair transplant surgeon has harvested enough follicular units for the planned hair restoration. At classical hair transplantation surgery, 2000-3500 follicular units is ecquired in one session. If there is not enough hair at the head, follicular units can be taken from other parts (chest, back, abdomen, leg etc) of the body and transferredto the head. This process can take 6 or 7 hours. The donor wounds, approximately 1-mm in size, completely heal over the course of seven to ten days, leaving tiny white scars buried in the hair in the back and sides of the scalp.
This method of donor harvesting, removing follicular units one-by-one directly from the scalp, is what differentiates the FUE procedure from a traditional Follicular Unit Transplant (FUT), where the donor hair is removed from the scalp in one thin, long strip and then subsequently dissected into individual follicular units using a stereo-microscope.
Before the grafts are harvested, tiny “recipient sites” are made in the balding area of the scalp using a fine needle-point instrument. The follicular units are then placed into the recipient sites where they will grow into healthy hair-producing follicles. The creation of recipient sites and the placing of follicular unit grafts are essentially the same in both FUE and FUT procedures. The difference lies in the appearance of the donor area and in the quality and quantity of grafts obtained with each technique.
A human approximatelty has 5 million hair follicles. 100,000-150,000 of these are on hairy skin area of the head. In a month, it normally grows 6-12 mm. The thickness, color, density and character of hair change according to ethnicity, age, sex and geographic location.
Reasons of Hair Loss
While malnutrition, burns, trauma etc. can cause hair loss for men and women, the mostly seen reason is hormonal hair loss which is called androgenic. At his kind of loss, except hereditary, receiving androgenic hormones ( manhood hormones ) for a long time causes the same kind of hair loss.
Both men and women bodies have the manhood hormones. Some of these are testosterone, androstenedione and dehidroepi testosterone (DHT). These hormones are excreted from testicles and surrenal glands in men and from ovaries and surrenal glands in women but lesser amounts. As a result of receiving DHT for a long time, thinning and weakening in the hair and then hair loss occurs.
There is no direct relation between age and hair loss. People that have genetic predisposition, which means there are people that have progressive hair loss in their family, can have hair loss at the age of 20s.The most intensive age interval for hair loss is in between 25 and 35 yeras. After te age of 45s, it gets slower but we sould see hair losses that start at the age of 40s and continue rapidly.
FUE is a hair transplantation technique which is the most widely used in today’s world.
|PROCEDURE:||Take individual hair follicles from back or the sides of the head (the donor sites) and move them into to balding parts (the recipient sites)|
|LENGTH:||6 to 8 hours|
|ANESTHESIA:||Local or local with sedation|
|SIDE EFFECTS:||Hair thinning, bald patches, swelling of scalp and forehead, itching|
|RISK:||Death of hair follicles, unnatural look, bleeding, infection and scarring|
|RECOVERY:||Back to work: 1 to 2 day(s)|
|RESULT LASTS:||Permanent (with over 95% success rate)|